The winery has its origins Delheim already in 1699. On 28 Sold in February 1699 Governor Willem van der Stel Andriaan a piece of land of 25 hectares of camphor Lorenz, a German from Pomerania. Lorenz was the first settler of the valley and named his farm “De Drie Sprong”, meaning “where three roads meet” means.
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The farm was on the lower slopes of the Mount Simon, because it would have been impractical agriculture to higher slopes operate. This plot had nine different owners until it finally at 02 March 1857 by Jan Andries Beyers was purchased. Obviously, Jan Andries had recognized the agricultural potential of the area because it was a few years farmed the land that surrounds “De Drie Sprong”. In 1813 he bought a narrow strip of land directly on “De Drie Sprong” and in 1843 he bought another property, which surrounded the narrow strip of land, and “De Drie Sprong”. Eventually he bought in 1857 “De Drie Sprong”.
This large property remained until 1903 when the owner of Porter and van der Byl told it, there. The upper half of the country not closed, the camphor had originally purchased. It is historically one of the inexplicable mysteries like the top half as large 200ha “De Drie Sprong” was known, but this site Hans Otto Hoheisen acquired in January 1938. His original intention was to his retirement with his wife’s Deli to spend on this property. But this plan quickly dissolved into thin air.
Fruit trees and bushes were all that grew before the arrival of Hoheisens on “De Drie Sprong”. The shift to viticulture was when a friend of Hoheisens advised them to, because he knew that the Cape is very well suited for wine production.
Hans also believed that wines from small wineries may well be of better quality than the wines that he had already tried by large producers. In 1940, he removed the bushes that covered the main part of the country, there should be there now planted vines. The higher part of the farm was too steep to where to plant vines. Through his own research and through collaboration with Professor Perold, a professor of viticulture, Hans decided for the cultivation of Cape Riesling, Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir), Cabernet and Hanepoot.
1939 – 1951 Hans and Del HoheisenDer modern cellar had humble beginnings, as it was built in 1944 and the war, the import of new machinery impossible. Hans thought very carefully about his designs for the 25 storage tanks and that he built was revolutionary for its time. Because they had a capacity of 4500l, it took until 1962 for all 25 tanks to fill. The other cellar equipment consisted of a small Korpresse, along a continuous press, some hand pump and a filter. The filling was done by gravity. A small container that stood on a tank could fill 3,000 bottles per day Sun. With modern technology these days can fill 15,000 bottles per day. The closing of the bottle with a cork was well and manually tagging was a laborious task. The tool for this purpose consisted of a used toothbrush, a bucket of paste, a rickety box to each bottle to support and, most importantly, was a wet cloth to remove any excess glue. All this was done without electricity.
Hans, who had the unbreakable will, the ability to make his best wine, was the first in the Stellenbosch Valley, who sought the advantages of modern technology. Hans Hoheisen was one of the pioneers of the vintners, whose efforts and failures based on experiments.
The different varieties were planted at the thought of easy harvesting – the pH of the soil, adaptation of vines to the soil type and climate, it was thought not to mention rootstocks. Vines were vines and they had no idea of offering the possibilities that different clones. During the war years of the 1940s survival was the only thing that mattered. There was no viticultural or oenological expert, you would have asked for help and it was often the case, the Hans Hoheisen standing over a tank of wine, holding a book in his hand oenology.
In addition to the limited number of new machinery and other materials, because of the war, ingenuity and initiative was needed in the basement. When available while filling bottles were not, had to use Hans used beer bottles. All the problems and difficulties had to be overcome, with an income is still not forthcoming. So it is all the more remarkable that with the wines Drie Sprong HOH (Hans Otto Hoheisen) Muscat Dessert and Cabernet HOH definitely had success. Hans saw his wines by the early successes for no more than “ordinary” wines. He succeeded his wines to sell to friends, but the marketing was a problem, as the dry wines fell short of fuel ended up crying and Brandy still represented a major competition. Friends also said that it was HOH wine’s image as a wine to get the “man on the street.”
This criticism was Hans the possibility his wife, to honor Deli. She was steadfast through all the highs and lows. She helped him in the basement, with the planting of vines in the management of the farm and encouraged him constantly. Had there may be a better way for Hans and his wife to thank the farm, and his wines to name it after her? It followed the birth of Delheim – Delis home.
1951 – 1957 Sparrow SperlingDer Hoheisens dream that she would visit the farm to their well-earned retirement, burst soon as they realized that the field – and wine brought with them a lot more work than they ever imagined. The solution of the problem Deli took while visiting their relatives in Germany. Her nephew, Michael “Spatz” Sperling, promised her to come to South Africa to support her and her husband on the farm. Sparrow set sail on the Winchester Castle, and came on Thursday, 19 April 1951 at Delheim. After 60 years of hard work has become synonymous with Delheim sparrow and also has an unmatched reputation in the South African wine industry.
Delheim produced, in spite of almost insurmountable difficulties, more wine. The winds that blew down from the mountain and Simon destroyed the fruit trees destroyed, now the branches. Rabbits ate the grapes and those who remained were mostly affected by disease. In some places the vines were actually only large fields with wires and poles. In the early 1950s and wanted Hans Spatz, the whole farm planted with pine trees. However, they would have to first have to remove all the wires and Pähle. Factor was still very determined dasss they were another attempt to restart in order to be successful with their wine. Thus the plan to plant pine fortunately never implemented in practice.
Another problem was that they produced anything other than dry and semi-dry wines, the majority of the population, however, brandy or other spirits preferred. Most of the grapes was distilled and a small part was made into brandy. Therefore, the profit of the company seemed to be rather low, and then decided to Hans Otto Hoheisen his father with his new business on his large farm in Timbavati 14.000ha / Transvaal to help. Sparrow and his wife loved very Delheim and so he left Sparrow £ 1,500 as seed money and let him have the farm rather than sell them. However, Hans met with Sparrow, the agreement that he will share in the profits.
1957 – 1971 Learn to fly while “Spatzendreck” a big help was to give Delheim a household name, but it happened two years earlier, that it gave the first indications of good wines, which heralded the beginning of a new era. In 1959 Delheim wines entered for the first time at the “South African Wine Show” appearance in Paarl. Sparrow won it the award for best dry white wine with his Palomino, who prevailed against long-established varieties such as Chenin Blanc and Colombard. This success continued and grew – since that time Delheim is no longer an integral part of the South African wine world.
In 1976, the restaurant opened on the farm in order to absorb the ever increasing flow of tourists to the Stellenbosch wine-route. The homemade food was created to complement the wines.
To survive in an ever-increasing competition, you need good planning. The viticultural knowledge continually fallen on, just like the taste of wine drinkers and changed as a successful wine producer must be able to keep up with the one step and the other to be aware. To overcome this tightrope walk had to buy land across from Sparrow Drie Sprong, as here, the soils mainly of clay and sand. Two reasons were only 50 hectares planted with vines. First, the higher areas are too steep to edit it, and secondly, the climate at these altitudes (between 300 and 480m above sea level, de) is only suitable for the cultivation of white grapes. Took over the farm as a sparrow, his experiments confirmed the assumption that climatic conditions are unsuitable for the production of good red wine. The soils in combination with the cool, high altitude and average annual rainfall of 850mm are better suited for the production of excellent white wines. The only red grape variety that was grown on Drie Sprong is Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir), the harvest for the production of dry red wine blends were used.
1971 New Horizons In April 1971, the Stellenbosch Wine was – route, the first of its kind in South Africa was of Spatz Sperling, Neil Joubert of Spier and Frans Malan of Simonsig launched.
These three were under the title “the three grim men who know what they do” know. This was because they lived often heated debates about the potential and the value of this project. They were right every year is evidenced by over 500,000 people who visit the Stellenbosch route. Further evidence of this are the thirteen other wine routes, which were built in South Africa.
In the early 70s saw Sparrow’s growing interest in wine. Because he knew that his vineyards on Drie Sprong were not designed to produce excellent red wines, he was looking for vines off the farm, have the potential to improve. In 1975 he took vineyards about 3 km north – west of Delheim. So he bought 80 hectares in this so-called “Klapmutskop”.
As a consequence, he was given the opportunity to honor his wife as well as Hans Otto Hoheisen his deli. “Behind every successful man stands a strong woman,” they say, and Vera Sperling was the driving and creative force behind Sparrow and also helped with Delheim to make it what it is today. The Veracruz (Vera’s Cross) vineyards are named after Mrs. Sparrow. It is the suffering they had to go through since they married in 1965 sparrow, indicate. These vineyards have loamy – sandy soils and are between 200 and 355m above sea level. The average annual precipitation is about 30% lower than at Drie Sprong, and the vines get 10-12 more days of sunshine. These conditions are ideal for full-bodied, full-bodied red wines, which is the distinguishing feature of what is considered one of the best known wines of the Cape – the Muldersvlei bowl.
Sparrow had found the land he needed to keep up with the best red wine producers step. His ability to produce almost non-existent wine did not stop him. With his gregarious nature, he soon found many friends among the many German wine experts in the Cape Province and prevailed against them, so they helped him improve his skills.
At the weekend there was a mix of on Delheim friendly festivals and side trips into the wine cellar. On a Sunday afternoon, between sauerkraut and swim, a sparrow, invited a small group of his friends to sample his latest wines. The contents of the second half-full tanks was even for them, in their already joyous mood, too. As Sparrow poured the brownish looking liquid in the glass was a friend, she commented: “Sparrow, which is now really dirty!”
Nothing would motivate Sparrow, more than the insult. That disaster was out of Spatzendreck perfected and the 1961er year could be brought for the first time on the market. With his penchant for unusual sparrow was the wine, the name and the famous label, which became in 1970 with winning the prize for the worst label in the world, which was awarded by Decanter magazine, the ultimate accolade.
Sparrow first vintage in 1952 included an amount of 18 tons, and today the cellar can hold 1,200 tons annually.